In this short piece of article, we will see the key difference between isobars and isotopes in tabular form. So let’s get started…
What are isobars?
Isobars definition: Isobars are atoms of different elements that have the same mass number but different atomic numbers.
Example of isobar
Argon-40 (40Ar) and Calcium-40 (40Ca): Both have the same mass number of 40, but different atomic numbers. Argon-40 has 18 protons and 22 neutrons, while Calcium-40 has 20 protons and 20 neutrons.
What are isotopes?
Isotopes definition: Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have the same atomic number, but different mass numbers.
Example of isotope
- Protium (1H): Contains a single proton and no neutrons.
- Deuterium (2H): Contains a single proton and one neutron.
- Tritium (3H): Contains a single proton and two neutrons.
Difference between isobars and isotopes in tabular form
Difference between isobars and isotopes in tabular form is given below:
|Definition||Atoms of the same element with the same atomic number (number of protons) but different mass number (number of protons + neutrons).||Different elements with the same mass number (total number of protons and neutrons) but different atomic numbers (number of protons).|
|Example||Carbon-12, Carbon-13, Carbon-14||Carbon-14, Nitrogen-14|
|Mass Number||May have slightly different physical properties due to different mass numbers.||Same among isobars.|
|Atomic Number||Same among isotopes of the same element.||Differs among isobars.|
|Chemical Properties||Similar chemical properties due to the same number of protons.||Different chemical properties due to different atomic numbers.|
|Position on the Periodic Table||Same element, so same position on the periodic table.||Different elements, so different positions on the periodic table.|
|Physical Properties||Dating artifacts, medical imaging, nuclear power, and understanding atomic reactions.||Not directly related to physical properties.|
|Applications||Dating artifacts, medical imaging, nuclear power, and understanding atomic reactions.||Understanding the diversity of elements, chemical reactions, and the periodic table.|
So, these are the difference between isobars and isotopes in tabular form, including their definitions, examples, mass numbers, atomic numbers, chemical properties, positions on the periodic table, physical properties, and applications.
- Isobars and Isotopes
- Atomic number and atomic mass class 11
- Rutherford gold foil experiment class 11
- Rutherford atomic model: postulates, observations, and limitations, class 11
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