Kharif crops, also known as monsoon crops, are crops that are sown in India during the rainy or monsoon season. The Kharif season typically starts with the onset of the southwest monsoon, which usually occurs from June to September. These crops are dependent on the monsoon rains for their water requirements. Kharif crops are harvested in the late summer or early autumn.
Examples of Kharif crops in India include:
- Rice (Paddy): Rice is one of the most important Kharif crops in India. It is a staple food for a significant portion of the population.
- Millet (Jowar, Bajra, Ragi): Various types of millets are grown during the Kharif season. They are drought-resistant and provide an important source of nutrition in many regions.
- Maize (Corn): Maize is another major Kharif crop used for both human consumption and as animal fodder.
- Sorghum (Jowar): Sorghum is an important cereal crop grown in drier regions of India. It is used for food, fodder, and in producing alcoholic beverages.