Rabi crops are an agricultural crop sown and harvested during the winter season in India. The Rabi season typically begins in October or November and extends until March or April. These crops depend on the winter rainfall, irrigation, or soil moisture to grow, as they do not require the heavy monsoon rains that Kharif crops do.
Examples of Rabi crops in India include:
- Wheat: Wheat is one of the most important Rabi crops in India and is typically sown in November and harvested in April. It is a staple food grain in the country.
- Barley: Barley is another important Rabi crop and is grown in regions with relatively cool climates. It is used for food, fodder, and in producing alcoholic beverages.
- Mustard: Mustard is an oilseed crop sown in the Rabi season, and its seeds are used to produce mustard oil, which is widely used for cooking in India.