What is a noun? – definition, types, and examples

What is a noun?

What is a noun? - definition, types, and examples
noun, source: youtube.com

Noun definition: Nouns are words that are used to identify a person, place, thing, or idea. In other words, naming words are called nouns.

These are important components of English Grammar and refer to the main subject in a sentence.

Nouns can refer to

A person:


  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • The Principal
  • He/ She
  • Father/ Mother  

A place:


  • New Delhi
  • My school
  • Hospital
  • The library



  • Computer
  • Books  
  • Flower
  • Table  



  • Freedom
  • Bravery
  • Love
  • Friendship
  • Strength

Types of noun

Nouns form the largest class of words in English vocabulary and can be categorized into various types:

  • Common noun: Concrete, Abstract, Collective
  • Proper noun
  • Singular noun
  • Plural noun
  • Compound noun
  • Countable noun
  • Uncountable noun

Common noun

These types of nouns refer to non-specific people, places, things, or ideas in general terms.


  • Friend
  • Man
  • State/ City/ Country  
  • Religion
  • Freedom

Sentence: “My friend lives in a city far away from here.”

Concrete noun

These refer to things that can be perceived by our senses such as sight, hearing, smell, touch, taste, etc. Concrete nouns are real or physical things.


  • Apple
  • Books
  • Bed
  • Table

Sentence: “I like to read books in bed while eating an Apple.”

Abstract noun

These refer to the things that cannot be perceived with any of our senses. To put it more simply, it refers to the feelings or theoretical concepts that cannot be touched or experienced physically.


  • Love
  • Hate  
  • Happiness
  • Pride
  • Power

Sentence: Love and hate are two strong emotions that give you power.”

Collective noun

This refers to a group or collection of things, people or animals s one whole. Moreover, these are used to signify something in particular. They are often used as a single entity.








Sentence: “Our family saw a flock of birds!”  

“He owns a herd of cattle in the countryside.”  

Proper noun

These are used to refer to specific people, places, things, or ideas and are not used in general references. In simpler words, specific names are proper types. Not to forget these are always capitalized.


  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • New Delhi
  • Delhi University
  • The Golden Temple

Sentence:Mahatma Gandhi was born in India and educated in England.”

Singular noun

By definition, It refers to a person, thing, place, or idea.


  • Boy
  • Bird
  • House
  • Leaf
  • Bench

Sentence: “The boy with a bird lives in that house.”

Plural types

These refer to more than one person, place, thing, or idea.  


  • Boys
  • Birds
  • Houses
  • Leaves
  • Benches

Sentence: “The houses on the left are all on sale.”

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Compound noun

These are made up of two or more words joined together to form a single type. The two words that are joined are written as one type. Compound types can also have hyphens. Some words are paired in a way to show a certain meaning that also comes under compound types.


Two or more words joined as one:

  • Greenhouse
  • Lifespan
  • Toothpaste
  • Notebook

Hyphenated word forms:

  • Self-confidence
  • Five-year-old
  • Daughter-in-law
  • Ice-cream

Word pairs in an open form:  

  • Living room
  • Upper class
  • Post office
  • Air conditioner
  • Fish tank

Countable noun

It refers to things that can be counted. They can be in singular or plural forms. These can be altered by numbers and can be paired with some quantifiers such as all, some, most, many, various, etc.


A bike/ 3 bikes/ many bikes/ several bikes

Sentence: “There were several bikes at the showroom we checked.”

Uncountable noun

types that cannot be used in plural forms are termed uncountable, non-countable, or mass.  As a matter of fact, these cannot be counted.


  • Air/ water
  • Beauty
  • Cash
  • Data
  • Coffee
  • Clothing

Sentence: “There was water everywhere after the flood.”

In your sentence, Nouns will make any subject or object invisible, which is as good as communicating nothing essentially.

Read Also

Stay tuned with Laws Of Nature for more grammar articles.

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