### Metamorphosing Sociopolitical Matrix of India under rule of East India Company

Metamorphosing Sociopolitical Matrix of India under the Regime of East India Company till 1857

Under the colonial rule of the British Imperial Legislative Government and East India Company, the sociopolitical structure of India had undergone a massive change at several levels. East India Company was evolving as a crucial political strength in India by late eighteenth century after deposing prominent regional powers like Bengal, Bombay etc. The Company introduced repressive policies for expansion of territories as elaborated in the article Emergence of East India Company as an Imperialist Political Power in India.
Functioning as an administrative and political entity in India, EIC launched numerous political, social and education-related policies that considerably affected various sections of society like peasants, women, children, industrial sectors and handicrafters. The prime objective of this article is to shed light on the sociopolitical matrix of British India to understand the sta…

### The ultimate arithmetic formulae on PERCENTAGE for all competitive examination//

In "laws of nature" today we are going to talk about the some important arithmetic formulae on PERCENTAGE, which may be very helpful to you , in all types of competitive examination.

Some important sutras

* If two values are respectively x% and y% more than the third value,then the first is the = (100+x/100+y)×100%
of the second.

* If the two values are respectively x% and y% more than the third value,then second is the=(100+y/100+x)×100% of the first.

* If the two values are respectively x% and y% less than the third value,then the second is the= (100-y/100-x)×100% of the first.

* If the two values are respectively x% and y% less than the third value,then the first is the=(100-x/100-y)×100% of the second.

* If A is x% of C and B is y% of C then A is =x/y×100% of B

* If x% of quantity is taken by the first,y% of remaining is taken by the second and z% of remaining is taken by the third person,now if ₹A is left in the fund, then the fund was in the beginning=
A×100×100×100/(100-x)(100-y)(100-z)

* If A is the initial amount in the fund and x% is taken by the first ,y% is taken by the second and z% is taken by the third person then amount left in the fund is =
A×(100-x)(100-y)(100-z)/100×100×100

* If intial amount is A, then x% of initial amount is added to initial amount,then y% of increased amount is added to the amount,and then z% of increased amount added then initial amount become =
A×(100+x)(100+y)(100+z)/100×100×100

* If the original population of a town is P and annual increase is r% then the population after n years will be=
P(1+r/100)^n

* If the present population of a town is P,and annual increase is r% then the population was n years ago will be=P/(1+r/100)^n

* If the original population of a town is P, and annual decrease is r% then population after n years will be=P(1-r/100)^n

* If the annual decrease in the population of a town is r%,and present population is P,then population of the town in n years ago will be=P/(1-r/100)^n

* The population of a city is P,it increases/decrease by x% in first year,y% in second year and z% in third years.then the population after the three years will be=
P×(100+-x)(100+-y)(100+-z)/100×100×100

* If the population of a town is increase/decrease by x% in first year,y% in second year and z% in third year,and after the three years the population of town is to be noted P then the population of town in the beginning is =
P×100×100×100/(100+-x)(100+-y)(100+-z)

* If the population of town is P1,and in the town male increased by x% and females increased by y% then the population become P2, then the no. Of males and females in the town is given as below=
[P2×100-P1(100+y)]/(x-y) is the no of males
[P2×100-P1(100+x)]/(y-x) is the no of females

* If the value is decreased/decreased successively x% and y% then the net decrease is as follows=[+-x+-y-(+-x)(+-y)/100]

* If one number is decreased/increased by x% and second number is decreased/increased by y% then the effect on the product is =[x+y-+(xy/100)]%

* The passing marks in a examination is x% and a student secures y marks and he fail by z marks,then the maximum marks of examination is =100(y+z)/x

* A student scores x% marks,and fails by a marks,another student who has scored y% marks and he get b marks more than the minimum required marks to be pass, then max marks of the examination is =
100(a+b)/y-x

* In a examination x% fails in physics, y% failed in cosmology and z% students failed in both the subjects, then % of students who has passed the both exams is =100-(x+y-z)

* A man spends x% of his income, his income is increased by y% and his expenditure also increased by z% then the % increased in his savings is =
[100y-xz/100-x]%

* If x% of objects is one type,the remaining y% is of second type, and remaining z% is third type, and the value of remaining objects is A then the total no of objects is =
A[100/(100-x)][100/(100-y)][100/(100-z)]

* The producer of a goods makes a profit/loss of x% , whole seller makes the profit of y%, and retailer makes the profit of z%, if retailer sold it for RsA, then the producing cost of the goods is =
A[100/(100+-x)][100/(100+-y)][100/(100+-z)]

* In L litres of x% sulphuric acid solution,the amount of water to be added/removed to make the y% of acidic solution is =+-L(x-y)/y
Note: here x% is always greater than y% if H2O is added,if H2O is removed then y is greater.

* Certain amount of solvent B is added to the solution of A and B of amount M to change the % amount of A to ∆A ,then amount of B to be added=[(A/∆A)×M]-M

* If the original value of a trust is A and new value is trust is B, then increase or decrease in the consumption such that the expenditure is unaffected.(B-A/B)×100%

* Splitting of a number N into two parts such that one part is x% of other, then the splitted two parts is=[100/(100+x)]×100 and
Nx/(100+x)

* If L litre of water is poured into a tank,but it is still x% empty then amount of water should be added to fill it up to brim=      L×x/(100-x) and capacity of tank is=100L/(100-x)

* If x%, y% and z% is successively three discount are given then a net single discount is=[x+y+z-(xy+yz+zx)/100+xyz/100]

*If x% houses contains two or more people and those houses which contains only one male is y% ,then % of all houses which contains exactly one female with no male is = [(100-x)(100-y)/100]

* If the monthly income of A is x% more than that of B, monthly income of B is y% less than that of C, if difference between the monthly income of A and C is M then the monthly income of B and C is =
[100M(100-y)/(100+x)(100-y)-100^2] and
[100^2M/(100+x)(100-y)-100^2] respectively

* Mass of two boys A and B is in the ratio of a:b ,if mass of A is increased by x% then the total mass become M, if mass of B is increased by y% then the total mass become=[(100+y)/100(1+a/b)-{a/b(100+x)/100+1}]×100%

*If a person spend x% of his monthly income on dance bar,and y% of remaining on worship, then after he saves Rs A, then the monthly income of the person is =
A×100^2/(100-x)(100-y)
Monthly amount spent on dance bar is =Ax×100/(100-x)(100-y)
Monthly amount spent on worship is=
Ay/(100-y)

* If r% is decreased in the value of a objects then a person buy A kg more objects in Rs x then the cost of the object is = rx/(100-r)A

* In the election of two candidates, one gets x% votes of total votes but lose by y votes, then the total no of votes is = 100y/(100-2x)

* In a examination between A boyes and B girls, r1% boyes pass and r2% girls get passed, then % of total passed students is =
(Ar1+Br2)/A+B

* If the value of any object is increased by x% and then decreased by x%, then resultant is always get decreased then resultant is given as= x^2/100

* Convert x% in fraction = x/100
* Convert x% in decimal= 0.0x
* Convert X/y in percentage = (x/y)×100%
* If x% of A is equal to the y% of B, then z% of A is = (yz/x)×100%

### " THE LAWS OF NATURE" प्रकृति के नियम, जिससे कोई भी बच नहीं सकता, आप भी नहीं | प्रकृति के तीन गुण क्या है?|

"लॉज ऑफ नेचर" कहता है -

* प्रकृति क्या है?
किसी राष्ट्र या देश को आदर्श राष्ट्र या देश बनाने के लिए निःसंदेह एक आदर्श कानून व्यवस्था की आवश्यकता होती है, जिसके नजर में उस देश में रहने वाला सूक्ष्म जीव से लेकर विशालकाय जीव तक सभी एक समान होते है। किसी देश का स्वामी एक मनुष्य हो सकता है, इस पृथ्वी का स्वामी भी एक मनुष्य हो सकता है, किन्तु क्या इस सम्पूर्ण ब्रह्माण्ड का स्वामी भी एक मनुष्य हो सकता है, शायद नहीं .... अब यहां पर एक प्रश्न है उठता है, कि क्या इस सम्पूर्ण ब्रह्माण्ड को भी किसी स्वामी की आवश्यकता है? यदि किसी देश को स्वामी कि आवश्यकता है, यदि पृथ्वी को किसी स्वामी की आवश्यकता है, तो यकीनन इस ब्रह्मांड को भी एक स्वामी कि आवश्यकता है। इस ब्रह्मांड का स्वामी जो कोई भी है, उसके लिए ये पूरा ब्रह्मांड एक देश जैसा है, जिसके भीतर हमारे जैसे असंख्य जीव रह रहे है, इस ब्रह्मांड में हम अकेले नहीं है। यदि ये पूरा ब्रह्मांड एक देश है, तो निश्चित ही इस देश का भी एक नियम होगा कोई कानून होगा। यदि हम किसी देश की बात करें तो वहां कानून व्यवस्था बनाए रखने के लिए सैनिकों को तैनात किया …

### THE GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY | A Unique way to explain gravitational phenomenon.

Today we are going to talk about a very important and revolutionary concept that is THE GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY.
This theory came into existence after 10 years of special theory of relativity (1905), and published by Albert Einstein in 1915.
This theory generalise the special theory of relativity and refines the Newton's laws of universal gravitation.
After coming this theory people's perspective about space and time has been changed completely. And this theory give a new vision to understand the spacetime geometry.
This theory gives a unified description of gravity as a geometrical properties of space and time.
This theory helps us to explain some cosmological phenomenon that is ,

* why small planets revolve around the big stars?
* Why everything in this universe is keep moving?
* Why mostly planets and stars are spherical in shape?
* Why does gravity create?
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And gravitational…

### Was East India Company supremely functioning as a Colonial Trading Group till 1857?

Was British East India Company supremely functioning as a Colonial Trading Group till 1857?

After acquiring the royal charter from the ruler of England in 1600, the British East India Company attained a monopoly on trade with East. The company eliminated competition in business; asserted control over Bengal after Battle of Plassey 1757; achieved Diwani rights ( i.e. revenue collection rights over Bengal, Bihar and Orisha) after Treaty of Allahabad 1765 and emerged as a supreme political power by the middle eighteenth century. But interestingly, the company experienced financial collapse by the second half of the eighteenth century because of nepotism and persistence of corruption in company officials. ( Such corrupt officials were often referred as nabobs- an anglicised form of the nawab.)
British Parliamentary Government investigated the inherent functioning of the company and introduced several acts to induce discipline in the company officials. Regulating Act/ Charter Act (1773):Thi…

### THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY | understanding the basic concepts.

Today we are going to talk about a very interesting concept of classical mechanics,
And which topic we are going to talk about today, is always being a subject of discussion so far. Most of the people can't understand this concept after reading once, but today we are going to talk about this with a simplified explanation... If you want to understand then read it till end.
We are talking about , THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY. Which are originally proposed by the genius Albert Einstein in 26 September 1905 with the title of  " ON THE ELECTRODYNAMICS OF MOVING BODY". And it is generally accepted and experimentally confirmed physical theory.
After coming this theory , the way of watching the universe has been changed completely.
If we want to understand this theoretical concept. Then we have to start it from starting point. Then let's start...
Going further in the article , we have to take a look at the basic idea behind this theory , which is termed as the postulate…

### Short-tricks and fast track arithmetic formulae on COMPOUND INTEREST | Laws Of Nature

ARITHMETIC FORMULAE ON COMPOUND INTEREST
1). If P principle is invested with r% pa for n years at compound interest-
*. If Interest is compounded annually then amount is , A = P(1+r/100)^n
*. If Interest is compounded half yearly then amount is , A = P(1+r/200)^2n
*. If interest is compounded quarterly then amount is , A = P(1+r/400)^4n
2). If a city population is P , and it is increasing at the rate of r% annually then-
*. Population after n years -     Population = P(1+r/100)^n
*. Population before n years -     Population = P/(1+r/100)^n
3). If any principle on compound interest become x times in n1 years and y times in n2 years, then = [x^(1/n1) = y^(1/n2)]
4). If the simple interest of any principle for 2 years at the rate of r% annually is SI , then -   Compound Interest = SI(1+r/200)
5). If the simple interest of any principle for 2 years at the rate of r% annually is SI , then the difference between the compound interest and the simple interest is = SI×r/200
6). At compound i…